Your skin is like a protective shield, it protects against dirt and infections. However, this protection does not exist if it is violated. Cracked skin, also called fissures, is a skin disorder. It is painful and not particularly aesthetically pleasing. Cracked skin is the result of small crevices that arise in dry and damaged skin.
If left untreated, these small cracks can grow and deepen, also known as fissure. A well-known place where cracks appear is the heel, since it supports the entire weight of the body when standing. These cracks can occur when dry skin has accumulated. Without being removed regularly and due to a lack of moisture, cracked / cracked heels can occur.
The skin is a barrier that protects us against external microorganisms preventing their entry. For this reason, it is important to keep it hydrated and, continuity and elasticity, but…
Do we really take care of our skin, especially that of our feet and heels, correctly?
The skin of the foot is different from that of the rest of the body. It is characterized by having a greater number of fat cells. That is to say, a greater thickness to dampen the continuous friction when walking becomes, than that of the area of the cheek of the face. In addition, it is poor in fatty substances and, for this reason, does not fulfill its “moisturizing” function correctly.
In winter, the skin of my heels hardens a lot and then cracks. Sometimes it hurts a lot. How can I best treat this problem of cracked heels at home? Is it dangerous to tear off part of the skin?
It is common for dry heel skin to harden and crack, especially in winter. There are several self-care measures you can take at home to relieve dryness and heal skin cracks. It is not dangerous to tear away some dead skin, as long as you do it gently.
THE PİEL IN THE AREA OF THE HEEL CAN BE 50 TIMES THICKER THAN THAT OF THE ZONE OF THE MUSHROOM OF THE FACE.
WHAT ARE CRACKED HEELS?
The cracked heels are an alteration of the dermis that occurs when the skin of the feet is so dry and, therefore, so hard, that it starts to tear or fracture. Due to this lack of hydration, continuity and elasticity in the skin these cracks appear that can be accompanied by pain and, sometimes, they can even.
Lack of hydration can occur in various ways, some of the symptoms that indicate it are the following:
Roughness and cracks, in the most extreme cases.
CAUSES AND FACTORS
Dry skin can be found anywhere in our body, but the skin of the foot is more exposed to dryness due to multiple factors. Some of them are:
DISEASES AND TREATMENTS
Metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, can affect the condition of the skin as they decrease moisture and cause dehydration. This is the same with patients suffering from circulatory problems, who should pay more attention to the care of their feet, since they are more likely to suffer alterations in this area.
That is why, if we are doing any of these treatments, we must take care of our skin in a more thorough way to prevent cracks and problems in the short and long term.
TYPE OF FOOTWEAR
The skin dries more in the areas of the foot that withstand more pressure, usually the heels, so the footwear also influences. The type of sole, cushioning or the use of sandals frequently discovered by the heel can increase dryness.
Walking barefoot and being above the appropriate body weight causes more areas of pressure on the foot. The blood supply is more deficient in the areas that have to bear more load and, therefore, the nutrients arrive with more difficulty to the superficial layers of the skin and can cause their desquamation.
It is advisable to wear wide shoes, without seams, without excess heels (maximum 3 centimeters) to avoid points of maximum pressure that cause dry skin. In addition, the ideal is that the footwear has a good heel support.
GOOD HYGIENE HABITS
Good hygiene habits are also essential to prevent dry heel skin. In this section, we present some tips to avoid this problem:
– Avoid very hot water and long-lasting baths. It is not advisable to wash your feet with very hot water, as it can help. Recommended are bathrooms that do not exceed 10 minutes.
– Shower after the pool or the beach. The baths on the beach or in the pool so characteristic in summer dry the skin of the body. It is convenient to take a shower after each bath to remove the remains of salt or chlorine and, when arriving home, we should always use soft sponges and neutral soaps, since they are the least aggressive.
– Use soaps and creams with natural active ingredients. The daily care of the skin of our feet is very important and for that we must use appropriate products such as soaps and. It is also advisable to avoid components that may cause irritation, such as chemical dyes or perfumes.
HEALTHY FOOD AND DIET RICH IN LIQUIDS
Food is very important both for the proper functioning of the organism in general, and for any part of the body in particular, in this case the. Special attention should be paid to the following:
– Drink between 1.5l. or 2l. of water a day. That should be done, but, in summer, especially because our body needs it more, there is an excess of sweating and we lose more fluids. It is also positive to drink natural fruit juices or infusions.
– Foods with higher water index. In the summer, we must include in our diet foods with a higher index of water and mineral salts that help replenish fluids, keep the body hydrated and, consequently,. It is advisable to always opt for seasonal fruits and vegetables (lettuce, carrot, tomato, cucumber, watermelon, melon, grapes, etc.).
PROTECT THE FEET OF THE SUN
The skin of the feet is protected throughout the winter with closed shoes, but in summer it suffers more from exposure to sunlight and ultraviolet radiation, which causes loss of hydration.
Therefore, it is advisable not to extend the sun exposure for more than 30 minutes and, of course, also to use the sunscreen on the feet that we use for the rest of the body not less than 50. It is also important to avoid the hours of greatest radiation.
SMOKING DAMAGES THE SKIN
Tobacco is negative for everything. Dry smoking like nicotine causes a reduction in blood flow and a lack of nutrients and oxygen.
TIPS FOR AVOIDING CRACKED HEELS
Heel cracks are an entry route for the microorganisms that can cause us. For this reason, there are several essential tips that we must follow to avoid this type of problem:
1. VISIT A SPECIALIST
It is advisable to visit a podiatrist to be the professional who determines the degree of dryness or infection of the foot and begins the. Occasionally, a podiatrist may be the solution. In addition, the ideal would be to check to avoid this type of inconvenience.
In this article on “Podiatry, basic and necessary care for all ages”, we answer the most common questions of patients about this treatment.
2. ADEQUATE FOOTWEAR
As we have already mentioned in the previous section, it is essential to wear suitable footwear in which the heel is not compressed or can move inside the shoe. With this, we will avoid skin lesions.
Using specific foot creams will be key to keeping them 100% healthy. In the next point, we tell you how a podiatric cream can be the definitive solution for cracked heels.